From the www.monabaker.com archive (legacy material)
RACHEL ZOLL | ctnow.com | 22 October 2004
The idea has floated around for years on the fringes of the Middle East debate: Opponents of Israeli policy in the Palestinian territories should divest from companies doing business there.
Now, the concept is gaining ground in the heart of American Protestantism, pitting U.S. Jewish and Christian leaders against each other.
Leaders of both faiths say the trend is born of deep frustration, as the Palestinian uprising enters its fifth year and prospects for a settlement dim.
"I think, in this point in time, the frustration is reaching such a high, that things like this get traction," said Antonios Kireopoulos, an international affairs officer at the National Council of Churches, which represents 36 Protestant and Orthodox Christian denominations.
The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is pursuing withdrawal of investments from some companies with ties to the territories, following a vote this summer by its General Assembly. Separately, the Socially Responsible Investment panel of the Episcopal Church is researching the idea.
Corinne Whitlach, head of the Washington-based Churches for Middle East Peace, said some Methodists and United Church of Christ congregants want to consider divestment as well.
"The churches that I work with share the view that's very widely held that the very possibility of a two-state solution seems to be increasingly less possible," Whitlach said.
U.S. Jewish leaders have told the Protestants their approach smacks of bias, since the Christians have made no concurrent demand that the Palestinian Authority work to end suicide bombings against Israelis. That the divestment campaign borrows from the 1980s movement against South African apartheid is even more unsettling for Jewish leaders.
"Unless you think Israel represents nothing other than colonial imperialism, then there is no analogy to be made at all, and those who call Israel colonial imperialism - that's a form of blindness, as if Jews have no relationship to the land of Israel," said David Elcott, national head of inter-religious affairs for the American Jewish Committee, based in New York.
A meeting of Jewish and Presbyterian leaders last month in New York failed to reach any agreement on the issue.
New tensions arose this week when delegates from a Presbyterian policy committee on a fact-finding trip in Lebanon met with leaders of Hezbollah, which the United States considers a terrorist group. One delegate said "relations and conversations with Islamic leaders are a lot easier than dealings and dialogue with Jewish leaders." The top Presbyterian executive said the comments do not reflect the official position of the church, which he says condemns terrorism.
Relations between Jewish and mainline Protestant leaders were already poor when the divestment proposal surfaced at the Presbyterian national meeting.
The Protestants felt that some Jewish leaders had become so hawkish in their defense of Israeli policy that dialogue on the issue would not be productive. Many also were angry at being labeled anti-Semitic for expressing concern about Palestinians, some of whom are Christian.
Adding to the unease, conservative evangelical Christians have increasingly embraced Israel, alienating liberal Protestants from American Jewish leaders.